What is jQuery?

jQuery is a lightweight JavaScript library that provides a simple and efficient way to handle common tasks in web development. Created by John Resig in 2006, jQuery has become the go-to library for developers looking to create dynamic, interactive, and responsive web applications.

Core Principles of jQuery

jQuery was developed with the following principles in mind:

  1. Separation of JavaScript and HTML: jQuery encourages developers to separate JavaScript code from HTML markup, promoting cleaner, more maintainable code.
  2. Brevity and clarity: jQuery’s syntax is designed to be concise and easy to understand, with features like chainable functions and shorthand function names.
  3. Elimination of cross-browser incompatibilities: jQuery handles browser inconsistencies and provides a consistent interface across different browsers, simplifying the development process.
  4. Extensibility: jQuery is designed to be easily extended with new events, elements, and methods, allowing developers to create reusable plugins.

jQuery: The Ideal Choice for UI and Mobile Development

jQuery UI

jQuery UI is a curated set of user interface interactions, effects, widgets, and themes built on top of the jQuery JavaScript library. It is the perfect choice for building highly interactive web applications or adding features like date pickers to form controls.

With jQuery UI 1.13.2, compatibility with recent jQuery versions (up to 3.6) has been ensured. This version of jQuery UI triggers no jQuery Migrate warnings when running its test suite against jQuery 3.6.0 with jQuery Migrate 3.3.2, making it a reliable choice for modern web development.

jQuery Mobile

The jQuery Mobile framework takes the “write less, do more” mantra to the next level by allowing developers to design a single, highly-branded responsive website or application that works across all popular smartphone, tablet, and desktop platforms. This framework is built with theming and branding in mind, making it easy to create customized themes using the ThemeRoller for Mobile tool.

Browser Support and Compatibility

jQuery 3.0 and newer support the “current-1 versions” of Firefox, Chrome, Safari, and Edge, as well as Internet Explorer 9 and newer versions. On mobile devices, jQuery supports iOS 7 and newer, and Android 4.0 and newer.

Downloading and Integrating jQuery

jQuery can be downloaded and integrated into your project using various methods, such as including a link to the library hosted on a content delivery network (CDN) like cdnjs.

Alternatively, you can download the library directly from the jQuery website and include it in your project.

Getting Started with jQuery

Once you have included jQuery in your project, you can begin using its powerful features to manipulate the DOM, handle events, and create animations.

The Document Ready Event

To ensure that your jQuery code runs only after the DOM is fully loaded, use the $(document).ready() function:

$(document).ready(function() {
  // Your jQuery code here

Selecting and Manipulating DOM Elements

jQuery simplifies the process of selecting and manipulating DOM elements. For example, to change the text of an <h1> element with a specific ID, you can use the following code:

$("#my-heading").text("New Heading Text");

Event Handling

jQuery makes it easy to handle events, such as a button click, with its concise syntax. The following example demonstrates how to display an alert when a button with the ID my-button is clicked:

$("#my-button").click(function() {
  alert("Button clicked!");

Animations and Effects

jQuery provides a variety of built-in animations and effects that can be applied to DOM elements. For example, to fade out an element with the ID my-element over the course of 500 milliseconds, you can use the following code:


Extending jQuery with Plugins

jQuery’s extensibility allows developers to create plugins that add new functionality to the library. There are countless jQuery plugins available for various purposes, such as form validation, image sliders, and parallax scrolling effects.

To use a jQuery plugin, simply include the plugin’s JavaScript file after the jQuery library in your project, and then follow the plugin’s documentation to implement its features.

jQuery in the Job Market

With its widespread use in web development, jQuery and JavaScript skills are in high demand. Companies like Google, Amazon, Netflix, Uber, Trello, and Coursera all use jQuery in their web applications. The average annual salary for a JavaScript and jQuery developer is around $150,000, making it a lucrative skill to learn.

Before You Begin

Before diving into jQuery, it is essential to have a basic understanding of HTML, CSS, JavaScript, the Document Object Model (DOM), and a text editor. Familiarity with internet and web-based applications will also be helpful as you learn to develop dynamic web applications using jQuery.


jQuery is an invaluable tool for web developers looking to create dynamic and interactive web applications. With its simple syntax, powerful features, and widespread adoption, learning jQuery can help you stand out in the job market and enhance your web development skills. By following this comprehensive guide and exploring the various resources available, you can master jQuery and take your web development career to the next level. To view more of our blogs, visit our website’s blog section.

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